The process of working with a lender to explore alternatives to foreclosure or bankruptcy after a default.This may involve the lender receiving additional collateral,lengthening the term of the loan, writing down part of the principal balance, providing minor additional lending to make the repairs necessary to sell the property at its best price, or any number of negotiated terms and conditions.One of the keys to a mutually beneficial workout solution is for all parties to be well educated regarding the consequences of bankruptcy.One example is the ability of a bankruptcy court to reduce the principal balance of a mortgage loan under certain circumstances. It is also wise for borrowers to understand the limitations of bankruptcy,however,so they don’t take an imprudently aggressive stance with their lender.